An entity which provides insurance is known as an insurer, insurance company, insurance carrier or underwriter. A person or entity who buys insurance is known as an insured or as a policyholder. The insurance transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate the insured in the event of a covered loss. The loss may or may not be financial, but it must be reducible to financial terms, and usually involves something in which the insured has an insurable interest established by ownership, possession, or pre-existing relationship.
The insured receives a contract, called the insurance policy, which details the conditions and circumstances under which the insurer will compensate the insured. The amount of money charged by the insurer to the policyholder for the coverage set forth in the insurance policy is called the premium. If the insured experiences a loss which is potentially covered by the insurance policy, the insured submits a claim to the insurer for processing by a claims adjuster. The insurer may hedge its own risk by taking out reinsurance, whereby another insurance company agrees to carry some of the risks, especially if the primary insurer deems the risk too large for it to carry. (Source: Wikipedia)
Why is insurance so important?
Paying final costs
Life insurance policy benefits can be used to help pay for final expenses after you pass away. This may include funeral or cremation costs, medical bills not covered by health insurance, estate settlement costs and other unpaid obligations.
Paying off debt or replacing income
Life insurance benefits can help replace your income if you pass away. This means your beneficiaries could use the money to help cover essential expenses, such as paying a mortgage or college tuition for your children. It can also be used to pay off debt, such as credit card bills or an outstanding car loan.
Some people purchase life insurance with the intention of leaving the death benefit as an inheritance to their loved ones. If you’d like to have a specific person receive your benefits as an inheritance, the Insurance Information Institute (III) suggests naming your chosen heir as the beneficiary on your policy. This will ensure that your life insurance benefits fall into the hands of the person you intended to receive it.
Paying federal or state estate taxes
Depending on state laws, your heirs may need to pay an estate tax upon receiving an inheritance. The III says that life insurance benefits may be used to partially or completely offset this cost. It’d be a good idea to consult with your insurance provider or a financial professional to understand how estate taxes may affect your beneficiaries.
Life insurance policies can also be created with your favorite charity as a named beneficiary, the III says. This can help ensure your philanthropic goals are met after you pass away, and that benefits are provided to your charity of choice.
Life insurance can be a sensitive topic, but it can help provide a more secure financial future for your family if the unexpected happens. Contacting an insurance agent can help you better understand the types of life insurance and determine what kind of policy fits you and your family’s needs.
SOURCE: ALLSTATE INSURANCE COMPANY